06/26/2018 - After decades of jurisdictional disputes, the American Postal Workers Union (APWU) reached agreement with the National Postal Mail Handlers Union (NPMHU) and the Postal Service on an updated RI-399 procedure for jurisdictional work assignments to Clerks and Mail Handlers.
Disputes over work assignments — and which craft should be assigned responsibility for performing specific duties — are known as “jurisdictional disputes.” Disagreements over whether duties in mail processing operations should be assigned to Clerk Craft employees or to Mail Handlers are often referred to as “RI 399” disputes, named for Regional Instruction #399, Mail Processing Work Assignment Guidelines. [PDF]
RI 399, which was issued in February 1979 by the Postal Service and modified several times since, assigns a primary craft (Clerk or Mail Handler) to perform various mail-processing functions. It also contains instructions for determining which craft should be assigned new mail processing work. RI 399 applies only in facilities where mail processing occurs.
APWU locals that believe work in their facilities has been improperly and permanently assigned to Mail Handler Craft employees should consult with their Regional Dispute Resolution Committee Representative [PDF] prior to filing disputes in their facility. Local officers who are unable to reach their Regional Representative may contact Lynn Pallas-Barber, APWU National Dispute Resolution Committee Representative.
Dispute Resolution Procedures
A Memorandum of Understanding effective April 29, 1992, between the USPS, American Postal Workers Union, and National Postal Mail Handlers Union (NPMHU), Dispute Resolution Procedures [PDF], outlines the general principles and procedures for resolving these disputes by establishing Local, Regional and National committees to identify, pursue, and arbitrate disagreements over work assignments.
Questions and Answers on Dispute Resolution Procedures
Representatives of the Postal Service, the APWU, and the NPMHU agreed on Oct. 21, 1992, to responses to common questions [PDF] regarding RI 399.
The USPS awarded jurisdiction on the following positions to the APWU:
Small Parcel Sorting System (SPSS) [PDF], Aug. 7, 2015
Advanced Facer Canceller System 200 (AFCS 200) [PDF], Sept. 28, 2012
Automated Parcel Bundle Sorter (APBS) [PDF], July 29, 2011
Local Inventory Instructions
Facilities with both Clerk Craft employees and Mail Handlers are required to maintain a current “inventory” of work assignments in all operations. Representatives of the USPS, APWU and NPMHU developed instructions on March 23, 1994, outlining how to establish and maintain a Local Inventory of Operations [PDF] and craft assignments in mail processing facilities.
Issues Pending National Arbitration
Numerous issues are pending before the National Dispute Resolution Committee. The issues listed below, including disputes filed by the APWU and the NPMHU, are pending arbitration.
Advanced Facer Canceller System (AFCS) (Case #Q94C-4Q-J 97028616, Appealed Nov. 27, 1996.) Whether the addition of the Input Subsystem to the Advanced Facer Canceller is an operational change that requires the work to be assigned to the Clerk Craft.
Air Contract Data Collection System (ACDCS) (Case #H4C5F-C 15342, appealed Feb. 19, 1987.) Whether Mail Handlers may be assigned to perform distribution functions of the ACDCS operation.
Air Records Processor (Case #Q84-C-4Q-C2158) Whether management violated RI 399 by assigning duties within the Air Records Processor Standard Position Description to Mail Handlers.
Automated Induction/Automatic Tray Handling System (AI/ATHS) (Case #Q00C-4Q-J 06129138, Appealed Feb. 13, 2006.) Whether management violated RI 399 by assigning work [PDF] on the Automated Induction/Automatic Tray Handling System.
Automated Package Processing System (APPS) (Case #Q00C-4Q-C 04189225, Appealed Jan. 26, 2005.) Whether management violated RI 399 by assigning work on the APPS to Mail Handlers.
Automatic Tray Handling System (ATHS) (Case #Q00M-6Q-J 06132126, Appealed Feb. 22, 2006.) The NPMHU appealed this case, claiming management violated RI 399 by assigning work on the FSM 100 ATHS to the Clerk Craft.
Containerization (Case #H7C-1G-C 15210, Appealed Nov. 1, 1991.) Whether management violated RI 399 by assigning Mail Handlers to operations in which trays or tubs are placed into labeled containers.
Flat Sequencing Sorter (FSS). Whether the Postal Service improperlyassigned [PDF] Mail Handlers to work on FSS machines, which facilitate the delivery-point sequencing of flat mail.
Reply Briefs (Case #S0C-3A-C 1017) Whether the parties (USPS, APWU, and NPMHU) are allowed to submit post-hearing reply briefs in disputes heard under the Dispute Resolution Process.
Tabbing Machine (Case #Q98M-4Q-C 01113678) The NPMHU appealed this case, claiming management violated RI 399 by assigning all work on the Tabbing Machine to the Clerk Craft.
Headquarters-Level Tripartite Agreements
A series of three-party agreements between the USPS, APWU and NPMHU address Dispute Resolution Procedures, jurisdictional settlements in mail processing operations, and the arbitration process for these disputes:
a. Remedy: A settlement signed in December 1992 [PDF] by the USPS, APWU and NPMHU stipulated that purely remedial issues should be resolved through Article 15, Grievance Procedure, of the Collective Bargaining Agreement, rather than the Dispute Resolution Procedures.
b. Primary Purpose in Operations 110-129 and 180-189; Dock Connection Transfers; and Non-Jurisdictional Cases. An August 2000 agreement between the USPS, APWU and NPMHU [PDF] settled interpretive issues involved in those operations/work areas. Guidance also was provided regarding what constitutes a jurisdictional dispute to be settled through the Dispute Resolution Procedures as opposed to an Article 7.2 cross-craft violation.
c. Application of National Jurisdictional Arbitration Awards. An August 2000 agreement between the USPS, APWU and NPMHU [PDF] established the procedures to follow after a national-level arbitrator issues a decision on a jurisdictional matter.
d. Implementation of Arbitration Award H7C-NA-C 32. An agreement signed in August 2000 by the USPS, APWU and NPMHU [PDF] established procedures to implement a national-level award on spreading mail.
f. Memorandum of Understanding. A June 2007 agreement between the USPS, APWU and NPMHU [PDF] settled disputes regarding OCR Mail Preparation and MODS Scales. The Memorandum of Understanding also contains procedures regarding the order and presentation of national-level RI 399 disputes.
USPS/NPMHU Letter of Intent, June 19, 1987
A June 19, 1987, agreement between the USPS and NPMHU [PDF] was intended to clarify the difference between “distribution,” which is a Clerk function, and “separation,” which is a Mail Handler function, in belt operations 110-129 and 180-189.
USPS/APWU Memorandum of Understanding, July 19, 1987
A July 19, 1987, agreement between the USPS and APWU [PDF] further clarified the difference between “distribution” and “separation,” by defining “distribution” in belt operations 110-129 and 180-189.
News: Jurisdictional Disputes (RI 399)
12/16/2016 - Arbitrator Stephen Goldberg issued a decision on Dec. 8, 2016, holding that the Postal Service violated the Collective Bargaining Agreement when it failed to assign Sales Retention Team (SRT) center work to the Clerk Craft and post the positions for bid.
Hundreds of SPSS Clerk Craft Jobs Preserved
12/09/2016 - The APWU prevailed in an arbitration that keeps hundreds of Clerk Craft jobs in the union’s bargaining unit. The decision clarifies what ability the Postal Service has to change craft work assignments for new machinery. When the new Small Parcel Sorting System (SPSS) machines were installed, the Postal Service first assigned all of the work to the Mail Handler Craft. After a closer and better review, the USPS reassigned some of the functions, including facing and separating packages as well as sweeping in rotation, to the Clerk Craft... With this procedural issue resolved, clerks will continue to be assigned work on the SPSS machines for now, as well as on new SSPS machines that are in the process of being deployed.